How much you know about Planet Earth? Are you interested in facts that your school book won’t probably tell you about? Yep, this is the right article to read then. We’ve gathered you ten amazing facts about Planet Earth that you would never have known.
Earth is not round but sphere:
I know, we have been studying all our lives that Earth is round, but the fact is, it is not. Yeah sure, it’s not flat either but more pear-shaped. Earth is basically a sphere in shape.
Isaac Newton, the famous physicist, was the first one to propose that Earth is basically a sphere in shape. It has two squashed poles, and a swollen equator. But recent studies suggest that it is not a perfect sphere either as the masses are unevenly distributed within the Planet Earth. So let’s just settle with a slight elastic sphere shape.
Libya has the hottest spot on Earth:
We find the hottest spot on Earth in Libya. A place called El Azizia in Libya has recorded one of the highest temperatures in the world. Back in 1922, it was recorded 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit. This record stood for a good 90 years. Although, later, it was downgraded by the World Meteorological Organization in 2012, even then, the stats vary, and global warming is high on its peak; the temperature statistics would have probably risen typically in summer.
Antarctica is the coldest spot on Earth:
Vostok station in Antarctica is the coldest place on the Earth with a recorded temperature of -89.6°C. The continent, Antarctica, is entirely the mist coldest. It’s a dry desert of snow that barely melts, making the snow turn into hard ice. The entire place turns into a glacier. This is the highest continent in the world. It has a south and north pole. People normally assume the south pole to be the coldest part of the continent, but the Vostok Station broke the record back in 1983.
A tie between the tallest mountains:
Although, we have been hearing all our lives that Mount Everest in Nepal is the tallest mountain on Earth. But the fact is there is a tie between two mountains. The other mountain which could be the tallest is Mauna Kea of Hawaii. If measured from above the sea level, the summit of Mount Everest is the tallest, about 29,035 feet. Whereas the Mauna Kea in Hawaii if measured from the base of the mountain deep in the Pacific Ocean to the top, its summit is measured about 33,500 feet. Mauna Kea is an inactive volcano. So there it is, there’s basically a tie between these mountains.
Earth has uneven gravity:
Planet earth gravity varies everywhere. The gravity is not exactly the same as recorded on average. This is because of the uneven shape of the Earth. The Earth is not a perfect sphere because if this; the masses are unevenly distributed in the planet making; it have uneven gravity. This uneven gravity varies because of the shape of the Earth, which is not uniform. For example, the Hudson Bay of Canada has the lowest gravity on Earth. Bet you didn’t know that about the Earth yet.
The deepest point of Earth is the Mariana Trench:
The Mariana Trench in the Pacific Oceans is the deepest point on Earth. Its depth is about 11,034 meters. This is 7 miles deep in the ocean. The Mariana Trench is deep because it has been the oldest seafloor. Seafloors are made of lava, which is why you see a trench shaped ridge on the seafloor of the Mariana Trench. Until now, no one has touched the end of the Mariana Trench because of its depth, but businessman Victor Vescovo descended 10,927 meters into the Pacific Ocean, breaking the deepest dive record.
Earth is enriched with minerals:
The Earth’s crust is enriched with several minerals that have shaped human life in so many ways. We are living because of the supply of these minerals. The Planet Earth’s crust is enriched with oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium, quartz, feldspar, bauxite, cobalt, talc, and pyrite. Among all these, feldspar is abundantly present in the Earth’s crust. The second most abundant is quartz. About 4000 minerals have been discovered in the Earth’s crust so far. We have benefited from these minerals in several ways for living purposes.
Water makes most of the Earth:
Earth is 71 percent water. Just like us living beings made of mostly water, water makes most of the Earth. In this 71 percent of water, about 96 percent is mainly saltwater. Some scientists suggest that the water on Planet Earth is mostly because of the rocky material on Earth, such as asteroids, and from the huge number of clouds of dust and gas that remained after the sun’s formation, called the solar nebula.
Earth has its own magnetic field:
Yes, you read right, the Earth has its own magnetic field. This magnetic field is formed by the liquid metal like molten iron flowing in the outer core of the Earth that causes it to generate electric current. This electric current forms a magnetic field when the Earth rotates around its axis. The most fundamental benefit of this magnetic field is that it sustains life on Earth. All living bodies possess a magnetic field.
Earth’s second moon:
Never knew Earth has a second moon? We thought so. It is a belief that the Earth has two moons. The second moon is the Cruithne, discovered in 1986. It does not revolve around the Earth but does revolve around the sun, more like it follows the Earth around the sun, which is why it is called Earth’s second moon. It basically is not a moon but an asteroid that revolves around the sun, but since it follows the Earth’s path, it is often called Earth’s second moon.
We hope you have found this article as interesting as we did collecting these facts about earth for you. Tell us about more facts that are unknown to many in the comments down below.